Carpenter Ant- There are a few species of Carpenter Ant in the State of Vermont, but the most common is the Black Carpenter Ant (Pennsylvanicus). This ant will have one main colony and multiple satellite colonies. This ant may forage for food ranging up to 300 feet, so if wooded areas are near your home, you may have a nest affecting your home almost 300 feet away. The main colony is not always the nest that invades your home, satellite colonies usually invade the home. They look for moist wood or foam insulation to infest usually, but do not always go to these areas. By using the proper exterior control, with some limited baiting or drilling/dusting methods, the ants will be eliminated. The other species that may invade your home, is the New York Carpenter Ant. This ant can be distinguished from the Black Carpenter Ant by the dark red thorax (middle section) of the ant. This ant takes on most of the characteristics of the Black Carpenter Ant, but usually will be the ant that you see saw dust coming out of windows, doors, and wall voids.
Pavement Ant- This ant got its name from pushing up dirt around sidewalks, driveways, and other paved areas. This ant lives in the ground mostly, but will on occasion infest a wall void in a structure. The ant colonies be very large under the ground, infesting by the thousands. In the spring, these ants try to expand to nearby areas, attacking other colonies, trying to grow their colony. This may result in large ant battles seen on lawns, driveways, or sidewalks. Using the proper exterior control and gel baiting on the interior of the structure will help control these ants.
Pharaoh Ants- These ants are about 1/16th of an inch, dull yellow color ant. This tiny ant will infest wall voids, under cabinets and appliances, etc. near moisture. These ants will trail along walls, across countertops to get to their food source. This ant like's protein based foods mostly, but will eat just about anything from sugary foods to greasy foods to even other dead insects. Persistence and know how are the key to elimination. Treating for the ant yourself incorrectly could result in a process called "budding". If the ants think they are threatened, they will "bud" off into multiple other nests, making your infestation much worse. Baiting the interior, along trails, is crucial to eliminating this pest. Some exterior products can be effective, but not always. Finding the right bait product is important for immediate control.