German Roach- This roach can be found just about anywhere in the United States. They are most commonly found in structures ranging from schools, restaurants, food processing, hotels, nursing homes, apartments, commercial buildings, private homes, etc. They are easily identified by two vertical lines just behind the head to the base of the wings on the "pronotum". The infestation can come from shopping at a grocery store to having someone visit from out of town, bringing them in luggage. The areas of concern will start with high moisture areas like kitchens and bathrooms first, then spread to other areas as they reproduce. The main problem with this roach is its ability to reproduce at a fast rate. Growing from egg to a reproductive adult takes only 50-60 days. A female roach will carry the egg capsule called an "oothecae", to protect it from predators. Once mature, roughly 35-45 babies emerge called "nymphs". The nymphs go through several growing stages called "instars". There are about 6-7 instars before becoming an adult. The nymph sheds its exoskeleton to enable it to grow. The control of this roach is not as difficult as it has been in the past. The use of gel baits, granular baits, glue boards, and other products are essential to gain control of an infestation. One word of caution is DO NOT USE AN OVER THE COUNTER FOGGER OR ANY SPRAY TO CONTROL THIS ROACH. This will push them into walls or adjoining apartments.
American Roach- Depending on which part of the country you're from, this roach is called a "water bug" or even a "palmetto bug". It is about 1-1/12 inches long and is reddish brown with some yellow margins just behind the head to the base of the wings on the "pronotum". This roach is found mostly in warm climates like Florida, Texas, etc. The roach will usually be transported to cold climates through furniture, equipment, etc. from warmer climates. This roach does not tolerate cold climate, but as we like to say, "It is always summer temperatures in your home". They don't normally establish themselves in kitchens, usually they can be found in basement areas, crawl spaces, sewers, etc... The female will deposit her egg capsule "oothecae" in a safe place to develop. In 6-8 weeks, the babies "nymphs" hatch and will need 6-12 months to mature. The nymphs will go through 13 moulting's or "instars" before becoming a reproductive adult. The use of granular baits, gel baits, glue boards, and other products are required to gain control of an infestation. DO NOT USE AN OVER THE COUNTER FOGGER to control this roach, this will only push them to other areas such as wall voids and other rooms not seeing them before.
Brown Banded Roach- This roach can be found just about anywhere in the United States. This roach does not require as much moisture as the German Roach, so they can be dispersed throughout the home. They are not as common in restaurants and thrive in residential structures. They avoid light, so activity will be heaviest at night time. They are identified as tan to light brown, about 5/8" in length with 2 light colored bands across the wings and abdomen. A female roach will carry the egg capsule called an "oothecae" for about 36 hours and then deposit it under furniture, cabinets, etc. Each capsule has about 10-18 eggs in it and will take about 90 days for the "nymph" to become a reproductive adult. Using a granular bait, gel bait, glue boards are essential to gain control of an infestation.